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MAKE THE DIFFERENCE
From: Bill Winkler , Marine biologist
Ocean View, DE 19970
Alert: You won’t hear
this from the
State of Delaware unless it’s in a court of law.
August 11th 2000, I witnessed what I believed to be a
Red Tide about 1 ½ miles north of the Indian River Inlet in
Delaware. The water
was a reddish brown, more red than brown and clear as a strong
tea. I took a
water sample(3/4 gal)
and video taped the phenomenon. One other observation: the water in
the surf zone, as it washed back off the beach into the ocean,
turned a bright yellow. I knew then, that something was
wrong. I called the
Dept. of Natural Resources Emergency Response and reported what I
saw and asked them what their truck was doing at the Indian River
Inlet. The dispatcher, named Tucker, said “we think we had a
spill”. I said we’ll why don’t you close the
beaches? What is this
yellow stuff in the
water? Tucker said, we
don’t know; but, we have received reports of this yellow stuff from
the C&D Canal to Herring Point (about 2miles south of Cape
Henlopen on the Atlantic Coast). Whatever the yellow stuff was, it
was heading into populated swimming beaches. To cut it
short, no beaches were
closed due to the reddish water , town officials and lifeguards say
they never saw and red
Per an airplane
pilot acquaintance of mine he said he saw this red water the week
said ,as he flew off of Bethany Beach and turned north to pull his
banner, there was red water all the way north to the entrance of
Delaware Bay(approx. 15 miles). The pilot said the reddish water
was about 500 ft off the beach, but fingers of the reddish water
was taken into the bathing area by currents or
waves. I was in one of
those areas. My son,
his wife and two friends were with me, surfing for about 2 hours.
That evening , while sleeping, I experienced three spasmatic muscle
contractions: the first jerked my head around so
fast I heard two
cracking sounds. I
thought what the heck was
that? I really thought
I had hurt my neck. After falling back to sleep, I was awaken again
by now an instantaneous spasm in my back that mimiced a swan dive.
It had been 4 years since I had been surfing. I said to myself,
I’ve got to get in shape. Back to sleep. The third and last
contraction was a quick kick of one of my legs that was totally,
until several days later, in talking to Dave, a lifeguard at the
Sea Colony Condominums, south of Bethany Beach, did I connect my
muscle spasms with the water, or whatever was in the
water. In researching
what I thought was a Red Tide, I started asking people if they had
symptoms of eye
difficulty in breathing(normal symptoms for a toxic
said he didn’t notice; but, he did say that the next morning when
he woke up his right jaw was locked. The muscle had cramped and did
not release for one and a half
said, he thought he
had slept on his face wrong or something, that this has never
That’s when it hit me
. My spasms have never
happened before. Since
both Dave and I were in the ocean, could there be a connection?
had started the Red Tide Register at my store in Ocean View,
Delaware. I asked
people if they had been swimming. If so, had they experienced eye
irritation or difficulty in breathing. Keep in mind I am only
interviewing some of my customers which may amount to .0001 percent
of the total people that come to the
beach. People started
signing that they did see the reddish water or had experienced eye
irritation or difficulty in
breathing. Later that
weekend when the winds came up a yellow-green foam piled up on the
beach, moving whatever was in the water, up onto the beach.
People coming in my store all summer kept commenting about “pieces
of jellyfish” stinging them in the surf.
I said what do you
mean pieces of jellyfish. Jellyfish don’t come in pieces unless
you’re talking about a
tentacle. Not until
the beach clean up day on August 16th did a couple of
friends of mine find these “pieces of
ranged in size from about 2 inches to 7 inches and looked like
shredded plastic, but it was pliable like a jellyfish and smelled
like rotting clams! I
took a dry piece in my fingers and looked at it first with a
magnifier loop. I
could see on one side , these things are flat like plastic wrap,
that it was adhesive since sand, fish scales, seaweed was stuck
only to the one side. I massaged the sand off to examine under the
microscope. As I did
this, I felt a very smooth layer underneath the adhesive layer. It
was so fine like a lanolin or mink
oil. Keep in mind,
this stuff is about ½ millimeter thick, like the thinnest plastic
wrap. It didn't
stretch. It it’s dry state it tore like rice paper.
Underneath my kid’s microscope, in looking at the plastic like
material. I did not
see any cell structure only
plant and animal has a cell structure. I must admit, I had never
put a jelly fish under the scope before; but , then again have you
ever seen a flat jellyfish, with no tentacles and adhesive on one
side.? Me either. This
appears to be man-made. Possibly some type of transdermal patch
material. The red water could have been caused by the neurotoxin or
vaccine in the patch and when these pieces hit you in the water,
you got a red patch the shape of the piece that hit you. Whatever
it was in theses pieces of jellyfish, instantly was absorbed into
“rash” stuck around for about 3 days, dissappeared for a week came
back, dissappeard , came back again and now it’s gone after about a
month. People who were
hit in the eyes , experienced a severe
thought they were jellyfish. But, in looking at the red areas on
people, I said, that’s not from a
jellyfish. A jellyfish
has nematocysts that have miniature harpoons, spring loaded with a
toxin on the tip. When
a tentacle from a jellyfish rubs up against, you’ll know what hit
you and have a raised welt on that spot, not a spreading type
anyone has experienced
the following symptoms
while on the Atlantic Ocean from Cape Cod to Virginia , please
contact me at 302-537-5334 or email to
. Encounter with the “pieces of jellyfish”, rash or
redness, eye burning, nausea after going in the water for a long
time, especially in children who may have swallowed the water,
numbness or severe spasms and or difficulty in breathing. Please ,
only if you were in the Atlantic Ocean and encountered the “pieces
of jellyfish”. You may
be the missing piece to the puzzle we need to find out, What really
happened at the beach in the summer of 2000?
Complaint Registered to DNREC Emergency Response For Not Properly Responding to Coastal Water Impurities
Attorney General Jane Brady
C/O Ms. Joyce Jones
May 13, 2002
Delaware Attorney General's Office
William J. Winkler
101 B Atlantic Ave
Ocean View, DE 19970
Fax total 4 pages, includes cover.
Attorney General Brady:
Consider the following 3 pages a complaint against DNREC Emergency Response, for not responding properly to a complaint by two citizens about lime-green water in Dewey Beach on November 27, 2001.
The concern is for public health. We have problems with out waters here in Sussex County and DNREC seems to be truly disinterested in protecting the health and well being of the people and children who swim in our Atlantic Coast beaches. Could you please check under the Child Endangerment Law to see if it applies in this case. I believe it does.
William J. Winkler
Cc Vivian Houghton, Esq.
Cc EPA Region III Water Quality Division
Cc Jeff Montgomery News Journal
Cc Editor Cape Gazette
Cc Editor Coast Press
Cc Editor Wave
Cc Editor Daily Times Salisbury
CC Editor Washington Post
CC Editor Baltimore Sun
CC Editor Washington Times
Foam and Stench
On Dewey Beach
Reported on November 27, 2001
Delaware Dept of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC)
William J. Winkler, biologist
April 28, 2002
The following is an account of that day and the months thereafter, of one citizens' report of the lime-green water and foam and another citizens' request for a complete chemical analysis to be conducted on the lime-green water and inaction by DNREC on that request.
(chemical analysis is in micrograms per liter, ug/L)
(Chemical analysis by DNREC chemist with 15 years experience)
Note: near shore levels of most elements are normally higher than that of open ocean, but should they be this high?
DNREC EMERGENCY RESPONSE REPORTS:
"NO LIME-GREEN WATER OBSERVED".
On November 27, 2001 a resident of Lewes, Delaware while metal detecting on Dewey Beach's Atlantic Coast, could not help but notice the lime-green color of the water and foam of the same color floating with a stench in the air.
Surfers were in that water, she said. Her phone call to me, about 300pm that afternoon, put in motion what citizens are supposed to do: report unusual colored water to the Department of Natural Resources. I gave her the toll free phone number to call DNREC Emergency Response, 800-662-8802.
The resident from Lewes spoke to Mr. Costello at DNREC. She told him of the lime-green water and stench. Mr. Costello assured her that due to an offshore tropical storm and large swells coming into the Delaware coast, there was no cause for alarm. He told her that the swells were stirring up the bottom sediment and that's all it was. Nothing to be concerned about.
The Lewes resident called me back and told me what Mr. Costello had told her. I then called DNREC Emergency Response and spoke to Mr. Costello. I told him that someone needed to get down to the beach and get a water sample for a complete chemical analysis. He turned my call over to his boss, Mr. Mohrman. Mr. Mohrman and I know each other from a Red Tide incident in August of 2000(some of you may know that story). Mr. Mohrman listened to my concerns about finding out what chemicals or toxins were in the water since swimmers during the summer of 2000 experienced burning skin, eyes, muscle spasms, severe nausea and an inordinate peeling of the skin. He did not say that he would take a water sample.
Mr. Mohrman evidently did ask Mr. Costello to check out the water in Dewey, since he lives in the vicinity. Mr. Costello called the Lewes resident twice from the beach on his cell phone. He told her he did not see any lime-green water or smell anything out of the ordinary. The Lewes resident asked where he was and said, "well you're not where I told you to go". Even after the second call, Mr. Costello was still not where the Lewes resident reported the lime-green water.
In the mean time, I had called a friend of mine at the University of Delaware in Lewes, and told him of the lime-green water and asked if he could go to Dewey Beach to sample the water. He acknowledged that he could and sampled the water. He said he did see the lime-green water in patches but didn't smell anything out of the ordinary. Later he smelled the sample water and said it did have an odor to it.
I called back to Mr. Mohrman and told him that my friend at the U. of Delaware was getting a water sample and that his response truck could pick up the sample from him to have it analyzed.
NO RESPONSE TO CHEMICAL ANALYSIS REQUEST
As of April 25, 2002 after several calls and a personal inquiry to an executive in DNREC by my friend at the University about having the water sample tested, no effort by DNREC Emergency Response has been made to pick up the water sample to have it tested, not even a return phone call.
LIME GREEN-WATER SAMPLE SENT
TO DNREC LAB FOR TESTING
On December 4, 2001, one week after acquiring the water sample from Dewey Beach and not hearing back from DNREC, I called the DNREC lab myself and asked if I could send in a water sample for analysis. The lab tech said sure, send it in.
I called my friend at the university and asked him to bring the sample to Ocean View so we could mail the sample to the DNREC lab for analysis. Keep in mind the sample had been in his possession since the day of sampling and all scientific protocol had been followed as far as proper water testing. Approximately one half of the water sample was poured into another sterile bottle and mailed by U.S. Mail to the chemist for analysis. On December 22, 2001, the results listed above in micrograms per liter(ug/L) were received in the mail from the chemist. We did the job that DNREC Emergency Response should have done on November 27, 2001.
I sent a registered letter to Governor Minner when she was elected. I said in the letter that the DNREC needs to be reviewed. In a meeting with Governor Minner in 2001, I reiterated my concerns. Governor Minner said she didn't remember a registered letter and said her aid probably had it.
Changes have yet to be made at DNREC, especially in the water quality section. I am asking again, "Can we get some cooperation please?" People should be made aware of what they are swimming or surfing in or not allowed to swim in the water if there is chemical contamination. Testing only for bacterial levels during the summer months is not enough. Regular chemical testing should be done year round, since surfers are in the water throughout the year.
COASTAL DISCHARGE FROM DELAWARE BAY
May 8, 2001: Per my request Dr. Richard W. Garvine, College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware, Newark, emailed me a brief description of what he's termed the Delaware Coastal Current. " The trapping of Delaware Bay water against the Delmarva coast as it progresses southward imposes potential water quality problems for the beaches and coastal communities there. The water is not pure ocean water from the continental shelf, but instead a mixture of Delaware Bay and shelf water".
How many chemical discharges are there in the Delaware River down the coastal bay to Cape Henlopen? Are the chemicals that are discharged evident in the Dewey Beach sample? Should Knee Deep only days be allowed when the waters are discolored reddish-brown or lime-green? Why do they close beaches during a thunderstorm?
August 30, 2001
Revised: September 9, 2001
Subject: Red Water spotted
by EPA Aerial Surveillance
Coastline August 15, 2001
On August 17,
2001, I was inquiring to the EPA/PHL office about a coastal surveillance
program that I had found on their web site.
Since the late 1980's the EPA has had this coastal program in effect. It
starts on Memorial Day and runs through Labor Day.
includes a ship that takes water samples and observes the ocean for garbage spills,
oil spills, dead or dying marine mammals etc.
They are looking for anything that may be going wrong. The program also
includes aerial surveillance once or twice weekly by volunteers from the
Wilmington Civil Air Patrol if weather is permitting.
I called Mr. Don Welsch's office, EPA/PHL,
who is listed as the Director in charge of this summer's coastal surveillance
program which is touted to keep people vacationers on the coastline safe from
spills, algae blooms, etc.(Sharks?). I
asked for a copy of their summer 2000 report from the program. Mr. Welsch's
secretary told me she would have Mr. Welsch call me back.
Grundle, of the EPA/PHL office returned my call and asked what "issue" did I
have. I said, I don't have an issue, I would like a copy of your coastal
surveillance year 2000 report if possible. Ms. Grundle said, she didn't believe
there was a report, that only individual log books that were held by a Mr. Mark
Barath in charge of Aerial Surveillance and by Mr. Bill Muir, Oceanographer in
charge of the ship that cruises the coast would be the only "reports"
available. I asked, " a Federal Agency
doesn't have an annual report of a coastal program"? Ms. Grundle said , not to her knowledge. Now, that means to me
that a report probably exists or at least it should.
calling the EPA office in PHL, I received a phone message from Mr. Jack Pingree
of DNREC(Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Control). He said, " Bill the EPA aerial surveillance
reported red water from Indian River Inlet all the way to Fenwick
Island(Delaware) on Wednesday, August 15(2001)". Now I thought, why is Mr.
Pingree calling me? Did someone from
the EPA call him and alert him that I "found out" about the EPA surveillance
program? How else? Phone bills can be checked if necessary by
the EPA's Inspector General's Office when I file that complaint, not that it
matters a whole hell of a lot. Why the cover-up about the EPA aerial
Who is pulling
the strings in DNREC that Mr. Pingree has knowledge and no one else out of
DNREC does? Is DePasquale(current
Secretary of DNREC) ready to be removed as was the prior Secretary for
mismanagement? There is no regard for
the Public's Health coming down from DNREC.
People swam in the Red Water in Bethany Beach and Fenwick Island on
August 16th and 17th. Northeasterly winds blew the red
slick into the beach. A greenish brown
foam accumulated on the beaches. By
State Law, DNREC is responsible for the public's health on the recreational
beaches – not the Dept. of Health as one would think. Does Governor Minner know about the Red Water? Is the Delaware government more concerned
about keeping the beaches opened to supposedly keep the economy going? Wouldn't people go and spend money if they
couldn't swim, like they do on a rainy day?
As in Florida, it took 9 shark attacks over a period of a week to close
the beaches in that area. This is
appalling that fellow human beings in charge of the public's health let things
like this happen. Who would want to swim in reddish brown water? Who would knowingly swim in water where
sharks are near shore? People do. Lifeguards too. This is the world we live in or at least the State(s) that we
live in. Maybe, Maryland, New Jersey, Virginia or North Carolina will be more
protective of it's residents and tourists. Should our regular visitors go to
out-of-state beaches so they can be assured of their safety?
In the case of
Delaware, regardless what lies the Public Health Dept and Beebe Hospital told
the Center for Disease Control, there were numerous ailments that came from our
Atlantic Coastline during the summer of 2000(Dept of Public Health reported
zero cases reported from what we thought was a Red Tide last year). I have as you many of you may know, started
a Red Tide Register in August of 2000.
People that came in my store who saw the Red Water, Yellow
tinge(chemical reaction with oxygen??, there are no bioluminescent organisms in
the water). My 5 type written page
report on just the illnesses that I found was sent to the Delaware Dept. of
Public Health. They with-held my report from the CDC! I sent the report to the
CDC and is now in the summer of 2000 Red Water file. The Red Tide registrants reactions to the water included: burning
sensation of the skin, eyes, severe nausea, dizziness, cramps or severe muscle
spasms, peeling of the skin, insomnia for several days(up to 6 for one family),
Coxsackie virus contracted by 3 families I documented(one 6 yr old almost
died). Raw sewage dumped from Wilmington can carry Coxsackie viral cysts and
cryptosporidium cysts. These are not
even being tested for in our water program (www.epa.gov/ost/beaches ).
I have examined
the red water and coastal waters under the microscope. There are NO RED TIDE organisms present.
There are Pfiesteria-like organisms present in large numbers. To my knowledge,
Pfiesteria blooms are not called a Red Tide.
Yet, the water is reddish and the symptoms are Pfiesteria symptoms not
that of a brevetoxin. The Center for Disease Control informed me that the
symptoms that I described to them(burning sensation of the skin, burning eyes,
nausea , numbness or severe cramps,
were not documented to be caused by the Red Tide toxin, brevetoxins. Are
the symptoms caused by Pfiesteria toxins?
See CDC 1997 Pfiesteria
Report In this article for the CDC "Morbidity and
Mortality Weekly Report" dated October 10, 1997 states " The attendees of the
workshop agreed on a combined set of environmental conditions and clinical
signs and symptoms that together may represent adverse consequences of exposure
to these organisms(Pfiesteria piscicida).
The clinical features in humans include any of the following signs and
symptoms: 1) memory loss, 2) confusion, 3)acute skin burning( on direct contact
with water), or 4) three or more of an additional set of conditions (headaches,
skin rash, eye irritation, upper respiratory irritation, muscle cramps, and
gastrointestinal complaints /i.e., nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and/or abdominal
attendees suggested using the above framework to identify potentially affected
person and recommended initiating the following public health activities:
uniform multistate surveillance for potential P.piscicida-and
multistate, CDC-coordinated, epidemiologic studies to
determine possible human health effects associated with P. piscicida and MRO
identification of a biomarker of exposure to the toxins
produced by these organisms.
Among the attendees listed was AL Hathcock, Ph.D., Division of Public
Health,, Delaware Health and Social Svcs.
Since the CDC workshop was held on October 10, 1997 the
Delaware State General Assembly changed the responsibility for the public's
health at recreational beaches from the Dept. of Health over to the Dept. of
Natural Resources and Environmental Control.
Chemical tests taken by DNREC last year on August 13, 2000 at
Bethany Beach yielded 2066 micrograms per liter of Aluminum (normal in sea
water is 10 micrograms/L), Arsenic, Thallium, Colbalt and other heavy metals
were recorded in the chemical analysis.
Factory discharges on the Delaware Bay are responsible for these high
levels of chemicals in the water. THIS
STORY IS NOT GOING TO GO AWAY , I GUARANTEE THAT. See www.WinkFiles.com and read the article reference the Barcroft
Company discharge permit renewal.
Government Officials have come to a crossroads in the history of the
State. They will have to make a
decision on if they(you) want the State to remain a chemical manufacturing
state or if you want it to be a tourist destination State. You will not be able to have both. The future is here and the guys who put this
State together have made some very serious mistakes. DNREC has know for up to 10 years that the Delaware Coastal
Current (as explained in WinkFiles) existed , and that it carried the chemicals
and raw sewage down the coast to our Atlantic Coastal beaches. Dr. Garvine, U. of Delaware, Newark informed
DNREC that this was happening. Per Dr.
Garvine in a personal conversation:
"They (DNREC)didn't seem too interested".
All I have to say
is do what you want, but don't turn your head to this or say what can I do
about this?. I will keep publishing the
truth of what is happening here in Delaware until the waters are safe to swim
in. People are getting hurt by the
waters here everyday. Delaware's system
of "cover-up" is now a system that has been "opened up". The State or DNREC can deny and try to
discredit me as they have in the past.
Too many people know the facts and too many people are not happy about
what they have found out.
On August 20,
2001 I called Governor Minner's office.
Greg LeVine took my call. I told
him that the EPA surveillance plane had reported Red Water from Indian River
Inlet all the way to Fenwick Island. I
also told him that to my knowledge, no lifeguards were notified of the Red
Water. On August 16th and 17th,
the Red Water became a greenish foam on the beach as northeasterly winds blew
the water into the swimming area. How
could DNREC not put out an advisory. They have no idea what is in that Red
Water, or do they? Mr.LeVine said he
would call DNREC and call me back. I never received a call back.
On August 30th
I called and left another message with Mr. Levine. Still no call back as of
410pm September 9th. Last year, in the fall, I was on a call-in
radio show with Governor Minner. I told
her on the air that when I reported the Red Water on August 11, 2000 I was told by DNREC Emergency Response
dispatcher that "we can't close the beaches" .
Governor Minner told me that whoever said that was incompetent! Governor Minner told me that Delaware has a
procedure to close beaches. I believed her and I'm sure everyone of the
thousands of listeners did too. She
After the radio
show, I wrote Senator Bunting and asked for a copy of the "procedures" for
beach closures here in Delaware.
Senator Bunting sent a letter to the Secretary of the Department of
Natural Resources, Mr. DiPasquale, asking him to forward a copy of the
procedures to myself and to the Senator.
As of almost one year later, neither Senator Bunting nor myself have
received a copy of the "so called procedures for beach closures".
If you haven't
figured it out by now, we have all been hoodwinked into thinking all is well on
the Eastern Front. Well it isn't.
Avoidance of the problem of the public getting sick from the waters will not
help anything. Your family's health is at risk with government officials that
don't really give a damn about you. They may be Homo sapiens, but they are not
human beings (Webster definition: having the characteristic qualities or nature
of mankind or of a man. Humane: having the feelings and dispositions 'proper'
to man, having tenderness, compassion and a disposition to treat others with
kindness). So, by allowing the people on the Delaware beaches to swim in the
reddish water is to me, inhumane(last year the reddish water was documented by
U.of North Carolina, Wilmington of having neurotoxins (brevetoxin 3 in the
August 11, 2000 sample. And, don't
forget about the high Aluminum content that DNREC sampled themselves and did
their own chemical analysis. So, what
does brevetoxins, high Aluminum (hydoxide or chloride?), and whatever else is
in the water do to people? Ask those
people who swam in the reddish water last year or twice so far this year.
can we please be notified when the reddish water is coming out of the Delaware
Bay so maybe we can make up our own minds if we want to be swimming out there?
J. Winkler, Biologist
View, DE 19970
Waste Water Discharge Permit
"Tissue biopsy and
observations of a lobster with several holes in the carapace, claws and
William J. Winkler, Biologist
Ocean View, Delaware
July 27, 2001
On July 18,
2001 I received a call from a concerned woman, Chris, who had purchased a few
lobsters, one of which was noticeably infested with something that had bored or
eaten holes through its' shell and connective tissue at the joint area of the
called Dr. Ritchie Shoemaker in Pocomoke, Maryland to ask his advice. Dr. Shoemaker referred Chris to me since I
was using Ritchie's microscope for phytoplankton study. Chris's daughter brought the lobster to
Ocean View where I video taped the outside showing the holes and festering in
the shell and connective tissue in the joints.
proceeded to take a connective tissue sample where the lobster was trying to
reform its' shell. It appeared that
whatever had infected the tissue was still there, since the repair secretion
was ongoing and could not keep up with the infection.
sample was also video taped and results yielded an infestation of
nematodes. Nematodes were imbedded
throughout the tissue, even at deeper levels.
No other foreign organisms were observed. 40X and 100X magnification was used. The nematodes were boring
into the flesh, probably hampering the shells' repair job. I deduced that the nematodes were most
likely a secondary infestation to the primary cause of the holes in the shell
and connective tissue.
the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in Washington D.C., and asked for
referral to a marine pathologist or related expert who knows about crustacean
diseases. The expert was out of the
country and an email was forwarded to her for consultation as of July 25th.
Today, July 26th, CNN reported a shell-eating bacteria
(chitinolytic bacteria) was affecting lobster in the New England area. My first thought was, yea and here too! The "Daily Times" from Salisbury, Maryland reported the same story
as CNN , yet added that the lobster in Maryland, are not affected. I called the city editor, Joe Weber, and
left a message with my biopsy results and said that I think their reporting was
in error. I have not received a call
back from Mr. Weber.
I called Chris
to tell her about the shell-eating bacteria and that it is possible that this
could be the same problem here in the Mid-Atlantic. Chris said she would contact the lobsterman that caught the
lobster in question and have them call me.
spoke with another lobsterman last week and he said they were catching a lot of
"deformed" lobster that they were throwing back.
husband called me to offer some information.
He had eaten two other lobster that were purchased at the same time as
the infected one. He said he had
diarrhea for two days and wasn't feeling quite right. He also said that he could eat "anything" and never gets sick
like this. He knew something was
wrong. I strongly suggested he see Dr.
Shoemaker asap to take the visual contrast test to determine if he had ingested
any biotoxins which may have come from the bacteria.
remain to be answered. The first and foremost is, that if you have eaten a
lobster recently and developed diarrhea to please contact Dr. Shoemaker and
arrange to take the visual contrast test to determine if you have ingested any
Peder Hansen June 6, 2001
89 Kings Highway
Dover, DE 19901 Reference: NPDES permit renewal # DE000000
I am asking that
a public hearing be held before any consideration of renewal of the Barcroft
Company's NPDES discharge permit. In
our phone conversation last week, you said you did not know about the "Delaware
Coastal Current" which carries Delaware Bay water right down the Atlantic Coast
to the recreational beaches. Richard
Garvine Ph.D. Physical Oceanographer, University of Delaware, Newark has
authored or co-authored several research papers about the "Delaware Coastal
Current" which include:
Frequency Estuary-Shelf Interaction: Observations Near Delaware Bay" 1991 by
Richard W. Garvine
" Bouyancy and
wind forcing of a coastal current" 1993 by Andreas Munchow and Richard W.
Properties of a Buoyancy-Driven Coastal Current" 1993 by Andreas Munchow and Richard W. Garvine
observations of the Delaware Coastal Current source region" 1994 by Todd M. Sanders and Richard W. Garvine
" Transport and
Recruitment of Blue Crab Larvae: a Model with Advection and Mortality" 1995 by
R. W. Garvine, C.E.Epifanio, C.C. Epifano and K-C. Wong
of Ocean Salinity: Results from the Delaware Coastal Current Experiment" 1997
by D. M. Le Vine and M. Kao (Goddard Space Flight Center, Lab for Hydrospheric
Processes, Greenbelt, Md) & R. W. Garvine & T. Sanders
delivery to the continental shelf and subsequent mixing: An observational
study" 2001 by Todd M. Sanders and Richard W. Garvine
In an email
summary( attached ), from Dr. Garvine
about the Delaware Coastal Current he states in part: " The trapping of
Delaware Bay water against the Delmarva coast as it progresses southward
imposes potential water quality problems for the beaches and coastal
communities there. The water is not pure
ocean water from the continental shelf, but instead a mixture of Delaware Bay
and shelf water."
2000, swimmers from Cape Henlopen to Fenwick Island were experiencing a
"burning sensation" on their skin when they were in the water. I have documented several people who also had
a severe burning of the eyes. Two
people, that I have documented had facial muscle go numb or cramp up. I personally experienced three very severe
muscle spasms. There was something in
the water in August 2000. We know there
were brevetoxins from the Red Tide ( Chattonella verruculosa), but in talking
to Dr. Lori Fleming, University of Miami School of Medicine, who has worked
with brevetoxins for about 20 years, said that these symptoms of burning
sensation of the skin, eyes burning or muscle cramping are NOT symptoms of
brevetoxin interaction. There were also several cases of people whom I talked
to and documented, with severe nausea which they attributed to inadvertently
swallowing the water while swimming or body surfing.
In talking to
Dr. Don Anderson of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute in August of 2000, about
the symptoms we were having here from swimming in the Atlantic, he said, it
reminds him of an incident in Brazil. Twenty years ago, Oceanographers thought
they were dealing with a Red Tide when in reality, it turned out to be a
On August 13,
2000, Sergio Huerta M.D. of DNREC,
sampled the water at Bethany Beach and at Sea Colony. He sent in these water samples to be tested
for chemicals (results attached). Did
Dr. Huerta suspect a chemical spill?
Note on the report the level of Aluminum is 2,015 ug/L at Bethany and
2,066 ug/L at Sea Colony. Normal levels
found in ocean water are 10ug/L (reference: The encyclopedia of marine
resources edited by Frank E. Firth, New
England Marine Resources Information Program University of Rhode Island).
research of my own time, went into trying to find out where the excessive
Aluminum came from. The closest
discharge, other than the South Coastal Sewage outfall, whose effluent
according to Jack Pingree of DNREC, is picked up by the Labrador Current and
taken away from the coast line, is the Barcroft Company's discharge at the
fishing pier at Cape Henlopen. In
speaking with Kim Brittingham at Barcroft, I asked, what the composition of the
Aluminum discharge was. He said most
likely, Aluminum Hydroxide. In a grab
sample taken by DNREC in Febuary 2001 , the Al levels were around 4700 ug/L at
the discharge site. Knowing that the
Delaware Coastal Current picks up the water in this area and takes it out off
Cape Henlopen and right down the coast(as per Dr. Garvine's statement and
reports), that shows with the August
13, 2000 sample ( if Al levels were that of Feb 2001 at the point of discharge
) taken in Bethany Beach at 2,015ug/L of Al would be 43% of total discharge and
2,066 ug/L 44% of total discharge levels of Aluminum Hydroxide.
Kuyvenhoven, a banner airplane pilot who has been flying the Bethany Beach area for 15years. I also have it in my notes with date and
time, that sometimes it looks like a river of reddish water coming all the way
from Cape Henlopen, about 500 ft off the beach, heading south. Out of the "river" there are fingers that
move into the beach area, as if from currents or winds, he said.
I called the
J.T. Baker Chemical Company and asked them what effects Aluminum Hydroxide
would have on people. The person
referred me to their web site http://www.jtbaker.com/msds/englishhtml/A2796.htm The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) shows
a warning: causes irritation to eyes and respiratory tract.
In searching the
EPA web site www.epa.gov/ecotox/ecotox_home.htm for effects that Aluminum Chloride might
have on Salt Water organisms I found:
* A polychaete
worm Capitella capitata dies at levels of around 400 ug/L after a seven-day
* Polychaete worm Ctenodrilus serratus dies at
a level of 97ug/L after 96 hours of exposure.
* American or
Virginia oyster Crassostrea virginica
dies at levels of 7500 ug/L after 48hours of exposure. (Dr. Maxted
formerly of DNREC has reports that show different chemicals if not lethal do
cause reduction in growth and fecundity).
Other marine organisms are affected,
including the Atlantic Salmon, documented in the ecotox web site.
This comment has
been only in reference to one chemical and/or chemical compound. I am also concerned about the high levels of
Magnesium recorded in the August 13, 2000 water sample report and other
elements such as but not to be restricted to, Thallium, Arsenic, Silver and
I believe that
if, in fact, Barcroft's discharge is reaching the recreational beaches,
Barcroft can do a better job of cleaning up their discharge to a more
acceptable level that is not harmful to the marine organisms or people.
#B Atlantic Ave.
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